FLASH SALE : Take advantage of -15% discount with free delivery from two products purchased .
Posted by Nutrition pro on Dec 07, 2021
Anemia occurs when the number of healthy red blood cells in your body is too low. Red blood cells carry oxygen to all tissues in the body, so a low red blood cell count indicates that the amount of oxygen in your blood is less than it should be.
Many of the symptoms of anemia are caused by a decreased supply of oxygen to vital body tissues and organs.
Anemia is measured by the amount of hemoglobin , the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to body tissues.
According to the WHO, anemia affects more than 1.6 billion people worldwide . Women and people with chronic conditions such as cancer are at the highest risk of developing anemia.
Iron deficiency is the most common cause that causes anemia
Dietary iron, vitamin B-12 and folate are essential for the maturation of red blood cells in the body.
Normally, 0.8-1% of the body's red blood cells are replaced each day, and the average lifespan of red blood cells is 100-120 days. Any process that negatively affects this balance between the production and destruction of red blood cells can cause anemia .
The causes of anemia are generally divided into those that decrease red blood cell production and those that increase red blood cell destruction.
Factors that typically decrease red blood cell production, causing anemia, include:
On the other hand, any disorder that destroys red blood cells at a faster rate than they are made can cause anemia . This usually occurs due to hemorrhage , which can occur due to:
Overall, however, iron deficiency is the main factor causing anemia . It accounts for almost half of all cases of anemia and is a major nutritional disorder worldwide.
Daily vitamin and iron requirements vary by sex and age.
Women need more iron and folate than men due to iron losses during their menstrual cycle and fetal development during pregnancy and lactation.
According to the National Institutes of Health, the recommended daily iron intake for adults ages 19 to 50 is:
Men and women over 50 only need 8 milligrams (mg) of iron per day. A supplement may be needed if adequate iron levels cannot be acquired through diet alone.
Good sources of dietary iron include:
Folate is the form of folic acid that occurs naturally in the body.
Men and women over the age of 14 need 400 micrograms of dietary folate equivalents (mcg/DFE) per day.
For pregnant or breastfeeding women, the recommended intake increases to 600 mcg/DFE and 500 mcg/DFE per day, respectively.
Here are examples of folate-rich foods :
You can also add folic acid to your diet with fortified cereals and breads.
The adult daily recommendation for vitamin B-12 is 2.4 mcg.
Pregnant women and teens need 2.6 mcg per day and those who are breastfeeding need 2.8 mcg per day.
Beef liver and clams are two of the best sources of vitamin B-12 . Other good sources include:
Vitamin B-12 is also available in supplement form for those who don't get enough from their diet alone.
People with anemia appear pale and may often complain of being cold .
Other symptoms of anemia:
Certain types of anemia can cause inflammation of the tongue , resulting in a smooth, shiny, red, and often painful tongue.
If the anemia is severe , fainting may occur. Other symptoms include:
Blood oxygen levels can be so low that a person with severe anemia can have a heart attack .
If you have a physical exam and you have anemia, your results may indicate:
People with signs or symptoms of anemia should seek medical attention, especially if they experience fainting or chest pain.
A diagnosis of anemia begins with your medical and family history , as well as a physical exam . A family history of certain types of anemia such as sickle cell anemia can be helpful.
A history of exposure to toxic agents at home or in the workplace may indicate an environmental cause.
Laboratory tests are often used to help doctors discover the cause of anemia.
Tests to diagnose anemia include:
Based on the results of these tests, doctors may order additional tests such as:
Treatment for anemia depends on its cause.
Anemia caused by insufficient amounts of dietary iron , vitamin B12, and folate is treated with nutritional supplements .
In some cases, injections of B12 are needed if it is not properly absorbed from the digestive tract.
In some cases, if the anemia is severe, doctors use erythropoietin injections to increase the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow. In case of bleeding or if the hemoglobin level is very low, a blood transfusion may be necessary.
Our food supplements such as our organic spirulina powder or our Multivitamins to ensure you get the recommended daily amount of iron.
Tell your doctor if you have symptoms of anemia, especially if you have a family history of it. Your doctor will likely start you on a diet or supplement regimen to increase your iron intake.
Iron deficiency can also be a sign of more serious medical issues, so it's important to take care of your body. In most cases, simply tweaking your diet with iron-rich foods or taking a supplement can resolve your anemia .
← Older Post
Newer Post →